Talambuhay ng Gomburza
Martyrs for Nationalism
Ang mga martir na tinaguriang Gomburza ay sina Padre Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos at Jacinto Zamora. Ipinaglaban ng mga paring ito ang paghihiwalay ng mga parokya sa mga paring Kastila.
Isinulat ni Padre Burgos ang "Manifesto a la Noble Nacion Español" kung saan nilalabanan nito ang mga prayle na umaabuso sa mga Pilipino pari. Si Padre Gomez ay bumuo ng isang malaking samahan ng mga paring Pilipino sa kanyang nasasakupan at nangalap ng pondo upang ipaglaban ang sekularisasyon. Padre Zamora naman ay namuno ng isang misa na dapat sana ay pamunuan ng Pransiskanong prayle. Ang ginawa ni Zamora ay kinondena ng mga Kastilang prayle.
Maliban kay Padre Gomez na nasa Cavite, sina Padre Burgos at Zamora ay dinakip sa Maynila noong gabi ng Enero 21, 1872 sa paguutos ni Rafael Izquierdo.Ipinahayag ni Izquierdo sa mga mamamayan ang gagawing pagpatay sa tatlong pari noong ika 17 ng Pebrero 1872 sa Bagumbayan sa harap ng maraming mamamayan na naniniwala na walang kasalanan ang mga ito.
Ang pagkamatay ng Gomburza o nina Padre Gomez, Burgos at Zamora ay gumising sa mga damdamin ng mga Pilipino upang ipaglaban ang kalayaan.
The martyrdom of Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora - collectively known as GOMBURZA culminated in February 17, 1872.
Champions of the secularization movement, the priest were sentenced to death after a mock trial on their alleged involvement in the Cavite mutiny.
The sruggle for secularization of the parishes was the common denominator in the lives of Gomez, Burgos and Zamora. Burgos wrote the Manifesto a la Noble Nacion Espanol (Manifesto to the Noble Country of Spain) which attacked the friars who attempted to downgrade the Filipino clergy. Gomez organized a large number of Filipino priests in his archdiocese to raise funds to defend the cause of secularization. Zamora, on one occasion, celebrated with two other Filipino priests, a high mass schedule to be said by Franciscan friars. Such act was condemned since Filipino priests often serves as assistants to Spanish friars. Except for Gomez who was in Cavite, San Filipe was still ranging. Obviously, it was not on the basis of evidence of their participation in the mutiny that they were arrested. Their active espousal of the rights of the Filipino clergy was the real reason for their arrest and eventual execution.
Rafael Izquierdo, who ordered the arrest of the priests, wanted to humiliate them. First he requested archbishop Meliton Martinez to unfrock the priests. The Archbishop refused, believing the priests were innocent of the charges of treason. Instead, he ordered the toiling of the bells as one last salute to the martyred clerics.
Izquierdo made the execution a pubic spectacle to strike terror in the minds of the restive populace. On February 17, the day of execution. Filipinos from all parts of Manila as well as the neighboring provinces gathered at the Bagumbayan (now part of Rizal Park) where the priests would be garroted. Most of them believed the priests were not guilty. So, as they passed them, they fell on their knees and bared their heads as a sign of their reverence and respect.
Their hideous garrote may have snuffed out the lives of the three but did not kill-in fact, it nurtured the flames of the fight for freedom from the Spanish colonizers.
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